El Movimiento de los Trabajadores Rurales Sin Tierra de Brasil: independencia y autonomía

Autores/as

Palabras clave:

agroecología, mística, movimientos campesinos, democracia socialista, Estado, MST

Resumen

En este artículo analizamos el dilema de si los movimientos deben implicarse con el Estado y ser cooptados o evitar hacerlo y quedar marginados. Argumentamos que el Movimiento de los Trabajadores Sin Tierra (MST) de Brasil abordó con éxito este dilema y se convirtió en uno de los movimientos sociales más antiguos, grandes e influyentes de América Latina. Este éxito se debe en buena parte al haberse enganchado con el Estado a la vez que lograba mantener su independencia del mismo. Además, también ha establecido alianzas con otras organizaciones políticas como el Partido de los Trabajadores (PT), conservando su autonomía para centrarse en su propia lucha crucial por la tierra. Su política cultural en torno a la mística, una política educativa y métodos agroecológicos de producción han ayudado al MST a convertirse en un movimiento cohesionado internamente, a desarrollar una dirigencia fuerte y rotativa, y a plantear un paradigma productivo alternativo al de la agricultura moderna, intensiva en el uso de insumos y energía. Estas prácticas culturales y productivas mantienen al movimiento vitalmente comprometido en su lucha anticapitalista por un socialismo popular-democrático.

Citas

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Publicado

19-12-2023

Cómo citar

Otero, G. (2023). El Movimiento de los Trabajadores Rurales Sin Tierra de Brasil: independencia y autonomía. Revista Latinoamericana De Estudios Rurales, 8(16). Recuperado a partir de https://ojs.ceil-conicet.gov.ar/index.php/revistaalasru/article/view/1260

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Articulos